Xingjian Gao

"Soul Mountain"

Image source: Jwh
Own work

Image license: CC BY-SA 3.0 lu

Year of Birth




Field of Knowledge


Gao Xingjian (高行健 in Chinese – born January 4, 1940) is a Chinese émigré novelist, playwright, critic, painter, photographer, film director, translator, and critic, who in 2000 was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature “for an oeuvre of universal validity, bitter insights and linguistic ingenuity.” He is also a noted translator (particularly of Samuel Beckett and Eugène Ionesco), screenwriter, stage director, and a celebrated painter. In 1998, Gao was granted French citizenship.
Gao’s drama is considered to be fundamentally absurdist in nature and avant-garde in his native China. His prose works tend to be less celebrated in China but are highly regarded elsewhere in Europe and the West.


Global Ranking
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52 51 76
37 13
27 38